Complete guide to exploring Egypt

An array of tourist spots in Egypt has always appealed to travelers from all over the world. From the mighty Nile and majestic mountains to the lush delta and alluring deserts, the list is endless, enticing visitors at every step. Without forgetting the cultural richness and the persistent past of the country which make it the dream of any traveler. From history to food and attractions, here’s a guide to what to see and do in Egypt.

Uniqueness of Egypt and its history

Egypt, one of the oldest countries in the world, is also known as the Arab Republic of Egypt. Located along the fertile Nile, Egypt was considered the cradle of civilization. However, over time it has become a tourism hub with iconic pyramids and giant coastlines.

Egypt didn’t take long to gain popularity as a tourist hotspot with foreign influence. Today, it is a must-visit destination for history buffs and interested travelers. Whether one wants to enjoy historical magnificence through ancient monuments, wild nightlife or a relaxing day at the beach, Egypt has it all.

Here are some factors that made Egypt unique:

The incredible Egyptian architecture

When it comes to Egypt, the architectural grandeur has always amazed travelers. It is captivating to visit the austere pyramids, the sand-covered tombs and the imposing pharaonic temples.

The best places to visit to see the country’s architectural wealth include:

  • Valley of the Kings in Luxor
  • Cairo Egyptian Museum
  • Dendara, Edfu- waterfront temples
  • Masterpiece of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel

Apart from these, hiking in the desert is something not to be missed to trace the main trading outposts of Romans.

What you need to know about its two main religions

Egypt is home to people from two cultural extremes. Tourists can find medieval schools, soaring minarets, mosques and breathtaking Islamic architecture. Likewise, Christianity dates back to the history of Egypt, which is relevant in the traditional calendar and the liturgical language of Christians of Egyptian origin, the Copts.

The remote desert monasteries and early churches are must-sees in Egypt as they show the country’s cultural richness.

Beaches are also part of the Egyptian landscape

Popular as a desert country, Egypt is also home to a beautiful beach, welcoming tourists to enjoy a candlelit cabana in an offshore coral reef. Visitors can enjoy ocean views, mesmerizing sunsets, and have a great time snorkeling along a coral wall.

Besides the vast deserts and stunning landscapes, Egypt’s stunning coastline is enough to make travelers want to see all that this country has to offer.

The way of life in Egypt

The Nile is one of the reasons that civilized Egypt. The mighty river gave the country fertile land, food and electricity. The Nile played a unique and powerful role, making the Nile an important and robust part of Egypt.

Most of the ancient monuments are located near the Nile, which makes it more important. Visitors can see most of them while taking a Nile cruise and exploring the river and the country.

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When to visit Egypt?

Due to the deserts, Egypt remains hot throughout the year. The winters are warm and the summers hot. Therefore, visiting the country during the winter months when the temperature remains between 11 and 25 degrees is the most suitable time. Thus, October to February is the best time to travel to Egypt.

July and August are the least popular months to travel. It is better to avoid visiting Egypt during these two months because the temperature can fluctuate from 7 degrees to 45 degrees in one day and can make travelers who are not used to it sick.


It is suggested to avoid visiting the Western Desert altogether in July and August. However, when it comes to the Mediterranean areas, they are slightly cooler, making the beaches crowded and room rates higher. From March to May, Egypt has the season of spring, witnessing a huge distant storm. If travelers are in the country during these months, it is advisable not to stray too far from the hotel.

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Top Attractions You Should Visit in Egypt

Egypt is a land of diversity where tourists can enjoy and explore much more than they ever imagined. From alluring deserts to the lush Nile, from incredible beaches to grand coastline, the country offers something for everyone. The main attractions of Egypt, enticing people to visit this beautiful country, are as follows:

Karnak Temple

It is Egypt’s greatest religious site nestled in the country’s architectural splendor and mesmerized by its artistic magnificence.

The pyramids

How can you miss visiting one of the wonders of the world in Egypt? The enigmatic half-man/half-lion symbol of the Great Pyramid of Giza is a must-see.

Abu Simbel

Crossing Lake Nasser takes tourists to the incredible Temple of Ramesses II, where one can witness the magnificent carvings showcasing the art and creativity of the ancients.

The Egyptian Museum

See fascinating artifacts from Egypt as well as royal mummies and the famous golden mask of Tutankhamun at the Egyptian Museum.

Valley of the Kings

Once at the Valley of the Kings, travelers can take a look at the special place of the New Kingdom pharaohs. From burials and tombs to chambers and so on, this place is something not to be missed.

Shopping in the souks

Shopping is an integral part of visiting a foreign country. In Egypt, shopping in the souks should not be missed for a memorable experience. Visit Luxor, Khan al Khalili in Cairo and Aswan to find authentic Egyptian products, exotic things and great souvenirs.

Don’t forget to purchase these unique items:

  • Mini-pyramids
  • papyrus roll
  • Beetle

Sightseeing in Egypt: Do’s and Don’ts

Remember to pack plenty of water as the weather is rough and can get severe at any time. Tipping staff is part of Egyptian culture, so keep that in mind when visiting. Do not break the rules and regulations at the monuments made to preserve them. Dress appropriately when visiting religious places. Take special precautions during the months of Ramadan. Do not smoke or drink in public.

NEXT: Why the Nile Was the Life-Blood (and God) of Egypt


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